Notes for 1 Samuel 29-30
– David Takes Charge –
Southgate Alliance Church, May 10, 2020
Who is at work here?
…work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure. Philippians 2:12-13
I. Trust God with Impossible Situations – 29:1-11
- Story backtracks to 28:2 to highlight the contrast b/w Saul and David.
- Aphek to ZIklag – about 50 miles. Over 30 miles further north to Shumem where the battle was to be engaged (they’re already there in 28, David never made it that far, but Saul didn’t know that).
- 29:1 – ALL of the forces of Philistia. A full-on war is brewing.
- Note Aphek 4:1 – terrible humiliation for 20 years. Then Samuel led the people in confession and worship before God. God delivered them from the Philistine oppression supernaturally. Remember the Ebenezer stone.
II. Turn to God in Painful Trials – 30:1-6
1 Samuel 23:16 when Jonathan saw David for the last time. We read that Jonathan “…strengthened David’s hand in God.”
III. Thank God in Times of Blessing – 30:7-30
Offer to God a sacrifice of thanksgiving, and perform your vows to the Most High, 15 and call upon me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me. Psalms 50:14-15
Notice that Hebron is mention last. This is where David will settle in Israel. He will be king there for 7 ½ years before he makes Jerusalem the capital. See 2 Samuel 2:1-4
Pointers to Christ in 1 Samuel 29-30:
- David is a suffering king. He points to the Messiah who would be the suffering servant for the sake of God’s people. We see it in the narrative, we see it in the Psalms.
Why? Sin in the world, and in our hearts, has serious consequences. Genesis 3, Romans 8, creation groans. A king who saves will be a king who suffers with his groaning people. Jesus looked sin in the eye, suffered its worst, and defeated it fully and finally on the cross and through the empty tomb.
- The people spoke of stoning him – compare the Children of Israel rejecting and threatening Moses in the Wilderness after the Exodus, think of the people’s rejection and killing of Jesus the Messiah.
- Not one of the captives was lost – John 6:39, compare 8:27-30
- 29:3, 9 – Achish found no fault in David (though there was fault to be found). Compare John 18:38 – Pontius Pilate found no guilt in Jesus (and there was none to be found).
- The King-in-waiting David gave gifts to the people after his victory. Compare the Ascended Messiah who gives gifts to his people. See Ephesians 4:8. Compare Philippians 4:19 – My God will supply all your needs according to his riches in glory; and Romans 8:32, He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things?
We need a Saviour – in our impossible situations, in our trials and troubles, and, ultimately, on that final day of judgment.
Who’s at work in your life? Are you in control? How’s that working out for you?
- Trust God with your impossible situations
- Turn to God in your Trials
- Thank God for His blessings – past, present, and future, in Jesus Christ, our King and Lord.
TAQ's for 1 Samuel 29-30
– David Takes Charge –
Southgate Alliance Church
May 10, 2020
Read 1 Samuel 29:1-11
David is between a rock and a hard place. What are his options, and what might be the consequences if things turned out differently?
Why do the other Philistine lords protest the presence of David and his men? What were they worried David would do?
Is David’s dismissal a providential escape? If so, why does David protest this turn of events? See 29:8.
Share a story about how God has protected you from a difficult situation, perhaps of your own making!
How did David and his men respond to the raid on Ziklag? Does the response of David’s men remind you of any other biblical situations?
In what two ways did David turn to the Lord? See especially 30:6, 8
How can our own trials and losses cause us to turn to God?
In what ways is this victory supernatural?
How did David respond to the men who grumbled about not wanting to share the spoil?
Why does David share the spoil with these towns in Israel?